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Title: Violent criminal behavior in the context of bipolar disorder: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Author: Verdolini, Norma
Pacchiarotti, Isabella
Köhler, Cristiano A.
Reinares, María
Samalin, Ludovic
Colom, Francesc, 1971-
Tortorella, Alfonso
Stubbs, Brendon
Carvalho, André F.
Vieta i Pascual, Eduard, 1963-
Murru, Andrea
Keywords: Trastorn bipolar
Manic-depressive illness
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Despite the potential importance of understanding violent criminal behavior (VCB) in individuals suffering from bipolar disorder (BD), previous findings are conflicting. The aims of the present study are to clarify the association of VCB and BD in comparison to general population and other psychiatric conditions. METHODS: A systematic review of literature from January 1st, 1980 through January 16th, 2017 from 3 electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE and PsycInfo), following the PRISMA and the MOOSE statements. Original peer-reviewed studies reporting data on VCB in BD were included. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed. Potential sources of heterogeneity were examined through subgroup and meta-regression analyses. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO, CRD42017054070. RESULTS: Twelve studies providing data from 58,475 BD participants. The prevalence of VCB in BD was 7.1% (95%CI = 3.0‒16.5%; k = 4). The association of BD and VCB compared to general population was not significant (OR = 2.784; 95% CI, 0.687‒11.287, P = .152). The association was significant only in cross-sectional studies, in studies in which VCB was assessed through self-reported measures, and in studies conducted in the USA. BD was more likely to be associated with VCB when BD patients were compared to controls with depressive disorders, whilst it was found to be less associated with VCB when BD was compared to psychotic disorders. LIMITATIONS: 1. the methodological heterogeneity across the included studies. 2. causal inferences were precluded by the inclusion of cross-sectional studies. CONCLUSIONS: These findings might provide a more balance portrait of the association between BD and VCB to clinicians, law enforcement and general public.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Affective Disorders, 2018, vol. 239, p. 161-170
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ISSN: 0165-0327
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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