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Title: Patient–provider perspectives on self‐management support and patient empowerment in chronic care: A mixed‐methods study in a rural sub‐Saharan setting
Author: Angwenyi, Vibian
Aantjes, Carolien
Bunders-Aelen, Joske
Lazarus, Jeffrey V.
Criel, Bart
Keywords: VIH (Virus)
Àfrica subsahariana
HIV (Viruses)
Sub-Saharan Africa
Issue Date: 21-Jun-2019
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Abstract: Aim: To explore how provision of self‐management support to chronically‐ill patients in resource‐limited settings contributes to patient empowerment in chronic care. Design: Concurrent descriptive mixed methods research. Methods: A survey of 140 patients with chronic conditions administered at four time‐points in 12 months. We conducted 14 interviews and four focus‐group discus‐ sions with patients (N = 31); 13 healthcare provider interviews; and observations of four patient‐support group meetings. Data were collected between April 2016 ‐ May 2017 in rural Malawi. Qualitative data were analysed using a thematic approach and descriptive statistical analysis performed on survey data. Results: Healthcare professionals facilitated patient empowerment through health education, although literacy levels and environmental factors affected self‐manage‐ ment guidance. Information exchanged during patient–provider interactions varied and discussions centred around medical aspects and health promoting behaviour. Less than 40% of survey patients prepared questions prior to clinic consultations. Health education was often unstructured and delegated to non‐physician providers, mostly untrained in chronic care. Patients accessed psychosocial support from vol‐ unteer‐led community home‐based care programmes. HIV support‐groups regularly interacted with peers and practical skills exchanged in a supportive environment, reinforcing patient's self‐mangement competence and proactiveness in health care. Conclusion: For optimal self‐management, reforms at inter‐personal and organiza‐ tional level are needed including; mutual patient‐provider collaboration, diversifying access to self‐management support resources and restructuring patient support‐ groups to cater to diverse chronic conditions.Impact: Our study provides insights and framing of self‐management support and empowerment for patients in long‐term care in sub‐Saharan Africa. Lessons drawn could feed into designing and delivering responsive chronic care interventions.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: 10.1111/jan.14116
It is part of: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2019, vol. 75, num. 11, p. 2980-2994
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ISSN: 0309-2402
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)

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