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Title: Turismo rural comunitario y diferenciación campesina. Consideraciones a partir de un caso andino
Author: Gascón, Jordi (Gascón Gutiérrez)
Keywords: Turisme rural
Desenvolupament comunitari
Conflictes socials
Titicaca (Perú i Bolivia : Llac)
Rural tourism
Community development
Social conflict
Titicaca (Peru and Bolivia : Lake)
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Abstract: [spa] En los últimos años, el turismo rural comunitario se ha presentado como un instrumento adecuado para aumentar la renta de la población campesina y diversificar sus fuentes de ingresos. Pero se trata de una actividad económica que no está exenta de riesgos. A partir de un caso específico (la isla peruana de Amantaní, en el Lago Titicaca) el artículo estudia uno de ellos: el impacto del turismo en la cohesión socioeconómica comunitaria. [eng] In the last years, Community-Based Tourism has created expectations in many latin american rural communities as an strategy to increase their income and to diversify the sources of this income. But it is an activity that is not free of risks. From a specific case (Amantaní Island, Titikaka Lake, Peru), the article studies one of these risks: the impact of tourism in the socio-economical communitarian cohesion.
[eng] Community Based Tourism (CBT) has been proposed as an effective instrument to contribute to the conservation of natural areas and the sustainability of rural and indigenous economies. However, risks that may increase the vulnerability of host societies have also been identified. These critical analyses have focused on economic, socio-cultural or environmental impact. The role of the local population in the design and implementation of tourism proposals has not generated as much interest. This article asks under what conditions participatory processes allow CBT projects to assume the interests and desires of the local population, or when they are only an empty exercise aimed at legitimizing the objectives of funding agencies. The analysis of an ethnographic case (Valle de Manduriacos, Ecuador) finds that participatory processes work when two factors are present. On the one hand — as the literature on participatory processes states — when the local population has social capital and solid organizational structures. But also when they know how the sector of intervention works — the tourism sector.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Mundo Agrario, 2011, vol. 11, num. 22
ISSN: 1515-5994
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Antropologia Social)

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