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Title: Nerve Growth Factor levels in term human infants: relationship to prenatal growth and early postnatal feeding
Author: Sánchez-Infantes, David
Cereijo Téllez, Rubén
Sebastiani, Giorgia
Pérez-Cruz, Miriam
Villarroya i Gombau, Francesc
Ibáñez Toda, Lourdes
Keywords: Neurologia dels nadons
Neonatal neurology
Issue Date: 23-Dec-2018
Publisher: Hindawi
Abstract: Background Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays a key role in neuroprotection and developmental maturity. We assessed longitudinally the circulating concentrations of NGF in term healthy human newborns and infants as well as their association with prenatal growth and early postnatal feeding patterns. Methods Circulating NGF and anthropometric measures (weight, length, body mass index, and ponderal index) were assessed longitudinally¿at birth and at age 4 months¿in 86 term infants born appropriate (AGA), small (SGA), or large for gestational age (LGA). Results Cord blood NGF levels in SGA newborns were higher than those in AGA newborns (1.41 ± 0.2 pg/mL vs. 0.66 ± 0.1 pg/mL; p = 0.02) and not different from those in LGA neonates (0.79 ± 0.2 pg/mL). At age 4 months, SGA-breastfed infants showed the highest NGF concentrations (p = 0.02 and p = 0.01 vs. AGA and SGA-formula-fed infants, respectively), while LGA infants depicted a marginal increase. NGF levels in cord blood correlated negatively with the ponderal index at birth (r = −0.36; p = 0.0008). Conclusions Circulating NGF is related to both prenatal growth and early postnatal nutrition. The maintenance of increased NGF concentrations in SGA-breastfed infants at age 4 months might be a potential mechanism to counterbalance potential risks for developing cognitive and psychomotor disadvantages.
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It is part of: International Journal Of Endocrinology, 2018, p. 7562702
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ISSN: 1687-8337
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)
Articles publicats en revistes (Cirurgia i Especialitats Medicoquirúrgiques)

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