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Title: Recent trend reversal for declining European seagrass meadows
Author: Santos, Carmen B. de los
Krause-Jensen, Dorte
Alcoverro i Pedrola, Teresa
Marbà, Nuria
Duarte, Carlos M.
van-Katwijk, Marieke M.
Pérez Vallmitjana, Marta
Romero, Javier (Romero Martinengo)
Sánchez Lizaso, José Luis
Jankowska, Emilia
Pérez-Lloréns, José Lucas
Fournier, Jérôme
Montefalcone, Monica
Pergent, Gérard
Ruiz Fernandez, Juan Manuel
Cabaço, Susana
Cook, Kevan
Wilkes, Robert J.
Frithjof, E. Moy
Muñoz-Ramos, Gregori
Seglar-Arañó, Xavier
Jong, Dick J. de
Fernández-Torquemada, Yolanda
Auby, Isabelle
Vergara, Juan J.
Santos, Rui
Keywords: Plantes aquàtiques
Ecologia marina
Aquatic plants
Marine ecology
Issue Date: 26-Jul-2019
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: Seagrass meadows, key ecosystems supporting fisheries, carbon sequestration and coastal protection, are globally threatened. In Europe, loss and recovery of seagrasses are reported, but the changes in extent and density at the continental scale remain unclear. Here we collate assessments of changes from 1869 to 2016 and show that 1/3 of European seagrass area was lost due to disease, deteriorated water quality, and coastal development, with losses peaking in the 1970s and 1980s. Since then, loss rates slowed down for most of the species and fast-growing species recovered in some locations, making the net rate of change in seagrass area experience a reversal in the 2000s, while density metrics improved or remained stable in most sites. Our results demonstrate that decline is not the generalised state among seagrasses nowadays in Europe, in contrast with global assessments, and that deceleration and reversal of declining trends is possible, expectingly bringing back the services they provide.
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It is part of: Nature Communications, 2019, vol. 10, p. 3356
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ISSN: 2041-1723
Appears in Collections:Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE
Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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