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Title: Treatment of single and mixed pesticide formulations by solar photoelectro-Fenton using a flow plant
Author: Gozzi, Fábio
Sirés Sadornil, Ignacio
Thiam, Abdoulaye
Oliveira, Silvio C. de
Machulek Jr., Amílcar
Brillas, Enric
Keywords: Oxidació electroquímica
Depuració d'aigües residuals
Electrolytic oxidation
Purification of sewage
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2016
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Solutions of single real formulations of herbicides tebuthiuron and ametryn have been degraded by anodic oxidation with electrogenerated H2O2 (AO-H2O2), electro-Fenton (EF) and solar photoelectro-Fenton (SPEF). The assays were made in a flow plant of 2.5 L equipped with a boron-doped diamond (BDD)/air-diffusion cell and a solar planar photoreactor. Main oxidants were hydroxyl radicals formed from water discharge at the BDD anode and in the bulk from Fenton's reaction between added Fe2+ and cathodically generated H2O2. Partial mineralization was achieved for all the treatments, with the relative oxidation ability growing in the sequence: AO-H2O2 < EF < SPEF. The superiority of SPEF over EF was related to the contribution of photo-oxidation of intermediates and/or their Fe(III) complexes upon sunlight irradiation. No short-linear carboxylic acids were identified, whereas heteroatoms were mainly released as NO3- and SO42- ions. For herbicide contents < 0.18 mM in EF and SPEF, a very rapid pseudo-first-order decay kinetics was related to the oxidation of the Fe(II) complexes of each herbicide at short time, whereupon a much slower pseudo-first-order kinetics associated with the decay of their Fe(III) complexes was observed. Ametryn disappeared more quickly than tebuthiuron, but its solutions were more poorly mineralized. The effect of j and substrate concentration on the performance of SPEF was examined. Mixtures of both formulations were efficiently treated by SPEF, showing similar but slower decays than single solutions. Four primary heteroaromatic products were detected by GC-MS upon prolonged electrolysis of an equimolar mixture. Our results indicate that SPEF is viable for the treatment of water contaminated with tebuthiuron and ametryn herbicides, either single or mixed.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Chemical Engineering Journal, 2016, vol. 310, num. 2, p. 503-513
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ISSN: 1385-8947
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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