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Title: Quantitative assessment of anti-gravity reflexes to evaluate vestibular dysfunction in rats
Author: Martins Lopes, Vanessa P.
Bellmunt i Tarragó, Anna
Greguske, Erin A.
Maroto, Alberto F.
Boadas i Vaello, Pere
Llorens i Baucells, Jordi
Keywords: Tests
Valoració funcional (Medicina)
Ratolins (Animals de laboratori)
Functional assessment (Medecine)
Mice (Laboratory animals)
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2019
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: The tail-lift reflex and the air-righting reflex are anti-gravity reflexes in rats that depend on vestibular function. To obtain objective and quantitative measures of performance, we recorded these reflexes with slow-motion video in two experiments. In the first experiment, vestibular dysfunction was elicited by acute exposure to 0 (control), 400, 600, or 1000 mg/kg of 3,3′-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN), which causes dose-dependent hair cell degeneration. In the second, rats were exposed to sub-chronic IDPN in the drinking water for 0 (control), 4, or 8 weeks; this causes reversible or irreversible loss of vestibular function depending on exposure time. In the tail-lift test, we obtained the minimum angle defined during the lift and descent maneuver by the nose, the back of the neck, and the base of the tail. In the air-righting test, we obtained the time to right the head. We also obtained vestibular dysfunction ratings (VDRs) using a previously validated behavioral test battery. Each measure, VDR, tail-lift angle, and air-righting time demonstrated dose-dependent loss of vestibular function after acute IDPN and time-dependent loss of vestibular function after sub-chronic IDPN. All measures showed high correlations between each other, and maximal correlation coefficients were found between VDRs and tail-lift angles. In scanning electron microscopy evaluation of the vestibular sensory epithelia, the utricle and the saccule showed diverse pathological outcomes, suggesting that they have a different role in these reflexes. We conclude that these anti-gravity reflexes provide useful objective and quantitative measures of vestibular function in rats that are open to further development.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 2019, vol. 20, num. 6, p. 553-563
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ISSN: 1525-3961
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Fisiològiques)

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