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Title: Food addiction in eating disorders and obesity: Analysis of clusters and implications for treatment
Author: Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Agüera, Zaida
Paslakis, Georgios
Munguía, Lucero
Granero, Roser
Sánchez-González, Jéssica
Sánchez Zaplana, Isabel
Riesco, Nadine
Gearhardt, Ashley N.
Dieguez, Carlos
Fazia, Gilda
Segura-García, Cristina
Baenas, Isabel
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Keywords: Trastorns de la conducta alimentària
Anàlisi de conglomerats
Eating disorders
Cluster analysis
Issue Date: 3-Nov-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Food addiction (FA) has been associated with greater psychopathology in individuals with eating disorders (ED) and obesity (OBE). The current study aims to provide a better phenotypic characterization of the FA construct by conducting a clustering analysis of FA in both conditions (ED and OBE). The total sample was comprised of 234 participants that scored positive on the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0. (YFAS-2) (119 bulimia nervosa (BN), 50 binge eating disorder (BED), 49 other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED) and 16 OBE). All participants completed a comprehensive battery of questionnaires. Three clusters of FA participants were identified. Cluster 1 (dysfunctional) was characterized by the highest prevalence of OSFED and BN, the highest ED severity and psychopathology, and more dysfunctional personality traits. Cluster 2 (moderate) showed a high prevalence of BN and BED and moderate levels of ED psychopathology. Finally, cluster 3 (adaptive) was characterized by a high prevalence of OBE and BED, low levels of ED psychopathology, and more functional personality traits. In conclusion, this study identified three distinct clusters of ED-OBE patients with FA and provides some insight into a better phenotypic characterization of the FA construct when considering psychopathology, personality and ED pathology. Future studies should address whether these three food addiction categories are indicative of therapy outcome.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nutrients, 2019, vol. 11, num. 11, p. 2633
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ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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