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Title: Hydrophobic waters in bromodomains
Author: Piticchio, Serena G.
Martínez Cartró, Míriam
Scaffidi, Salvatore
Rodríguez-Arévalo, Sergio
Bagan Polonio, Andrea
Sánchez-Arefelis, Ainoa
Escolano Mirón, Carmen
Galdeano Cantador, Carlos
Barril Alonso, Xavier
Keywords: Proteïnes
Investigació farmacèutica
Pharmaceutical research
Issue Date: 16-Aug-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Targeting epigenetic proteins is a rapidly growing area for medicinal chemistry and drug discovery. Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in developing small molecules binding to bromodomains due to their implication in cancer, inflammation, and a plethora of diseases. Several small-molecule inhibitors and degraders that target bromodomains have entered the clinic, and many more are increasingly being used as chemical probes to describe bromodomain biology. From a structural point of view, crystallographic studies of bromodomains describe, as a common feature, five water molecules as an integral part of the acetyl-lysine binding pocket. These water molecules are essential in druggability and are described as a functional part of the protein [1,2]. In this framework, we focused our attention on the description of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic character of these molecules, which seem to create a favorable environment for the recognition of hydrophobic groups. To this end, and following fragment-based drug design techniques, here we describe a new family of small molecules with a 5-phenylthiazolo[2,3-c][1,2,4]triazol nucleus and probe the water site with various substituents at the 3-position endowing hydrophilic or hydrophobic properties. In this work, we present the theoretical calculations, the synthesis of the new compounds, the results of differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and the crystal structures of three of our compounds with the target protein. The study sheds light on the counterintuitive behavior of the water molecules in this particular environment.
It is part of: MDPI Proceedings, 2019, vol. 22, num. 1, p. 80
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ISSN: 2504-3900
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Farmacologia, Toxicologia i Química Terapèutica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Farmàcia, Tecnologia Farmacèutica i Fisicoquímica)

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