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Title: Functionalized coatings by cold spray: an in vitro study of micro- and nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite compared to porous titanium
Author: Martín Vilardell, Anna
Cinca i Luis, Núria
Garcia Giralt, Natàlia
Dosta Parras, Sergi
García Cano, Irene
Nogués Solán, Xavier
Guilemany, J. M. (José María)
Keywords: Titani
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Three different surface treatments on a Ti6Al4V alloy have been in vitro tested for possible application in cementless joint prosthesis. All of them involve the novelty of using the Cold Spray technology for their deposition: (i) an as-sprayed highly rough titanium and, followed by the deposition of a thin hydroxyapatite layer with (ii) microcrystalline or (iii) nanocrystalline structure. Primary human osteoblasts were extracted from knee and seeded onto the three different surfaces. Cell viability was tested by MTS and LIVE/DEAD assays, cell differentiation by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) quantification and cell morphology by Phalloidin staining. All tests were carried out at 1, 7 and 14 days of cell culture. Different cell morphologies between titanium and hydroxyapatite surfaces were exhibited. At 1 day of cell culture, cells on the titanium coating were spread and flattened, expanding the filopodia actin filaments in all directions, while cells on the hydroxyapatite coatings showed round like-shape morphology due to slower attachment. Higher cell viability was detected at all times of cell culture on titanium coating due to a better attachment at 1 day. However, from 7 days of cell culture, cells on hydroxyapatite showed good attachment onto surfaces and highly increased their proliferation, mostly on nanocrystalline, achieving similar cell viability levels than titanium coatings. ALP levels were significantly higher in titanium, in part, because of greatest cell number. Overall, the best cell functional results were obtained on titanium coatings whereas microcrystalline hydroxyapatite presented the worst cellular parameters. However, results indicate that nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite coatings may achieve promising results for the faster cell proliferation once cells are attached on the surface.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Materials Science and Engineering: C, 2018, vol. 87, p. 41-49
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ISSN: 0928-4931
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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