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Title: Four-topic correlation between flood dendrogeomorphological evidence and hydraulic parameters (the Portainé stream, Iberian Peninsula)
Author: Victoriano Lamariano, Ane
Díez-Herrero, Andrés
Génova, Mar
Guinau Sellés, Marta
Furdada i Bellavista, Glòria
Khazaradze, Giorgi
Calvet i Porta, Jaume
Keywords: Geomorfologia
Control d'inundacions
Flood control
Issue Date: Mar-2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Torrential floods are hazardous hydrological phenomena that produce significant economic damage worldwide. Flood reconstruction is still problematic in ungauged mountainous areas due to the lack of systematic data, so indirect techniques are required. This paper presents an integrated palaeoflood study of a Pyrenean stream that combines fluvio-torrential geomorphology, dendrogeomorphology, palaeoflood discharge estimation and flow hydraulics. The use of a total station and airborne LiDAR data allows detailed topography for geomorphological mapping and running a one-dimensional hydraulic model. Based on the height of scars on several damaged trees, we obtained palaeodischarges of 316 m3 s−1 and 314 m3 s−1 for the 2008 and 2010 floods. The hydraulic parameters were related to the geomorphic position of trees, showing a positive relation between most energetic geomorphic elements and both flow depth and velocity values. The most affected trees are located in intermediate energy geomorphic positions. Analysing variation in scar height and flow stage differences, we suggest that most reliable trees for peak discharge estimation correspond to those in areas related with fluvio-torrential processes of intermediate energy. This multidisciplinary palaeohydrological study relates flood hydrodynamics with the damage to trees and their geomorphological characteristics, focusing on the hydraulic parameters of the peak flow (depth, velocity and unit stream power), which has never been performed before. The proposed approach shows strong potential for palaeoflood analysis in ungauged mountain catchments with scarce nonsystematic data.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Catena, 2018, vol. 162, p. 216-229
Related resource:
ISSN: 0341-8162
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)

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