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|Fertilization in the cestode Echinococcus multilocularis (Cyclophyllidea, Taeniidae)
Miquel Colomé, Jordi
Microscòpia electrònica de transmissió
Transmission electron microscopy
|Fertilization in the taeniid cestode Echinococcus multilocularis with uniflagellate spermatozoa was examined by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Fertilization in this species occurs in the oviduct lumen or in the fertilization canal proximal to the ootype, where the formation of the embryonic capsule precludes sperm contact with the oocytes. Cortical granules are not present in the cytoplasm of the oocytes of this species, however, several large bodies containing granular material where frequently observed. Spermatozoa coil spirally around the oocytes and syngamy occurs by lateral fusion of oocyte and sperm plasma membranes. In the ootype, one vitellocyte associates with fertilized oocyte, forming a membranous capsule which encloses both cell types. In this stage, the spirally coiled sperm body adheres partly to the external oocyte surface, and partially enters into the perinuclear cytoplasm. The electron-dense sperm nucleus becomes progressively electron-lucent within the oocyte cytoplasm after penetration. Simultaneously with chromatin decondensation, the elongated sperm pronucleus changes shape, forming a spherical male pronucleus, which attains the size of the female pronucleus. Cleavage begins immediately after pronuclear fusion.
|Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1515/ap-2016-0010
|It is part of:
|Acta Parasitologica, 2016, vol. 61, num. 1, p. 84-92
|Appears in Collections:
|Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient)
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