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Title: Influence of Syntectonic sedimentation and décollement rheology on the geometry and evolution of orogenic wedges: analog modelling of the Kuqa Fold-and-thrust belt (NW China)
Author: Pla de Casacuberta, Oriol
Roca i Abella, Eduard
Xie, H.
Izquierdo-Lavall, E.
Muñoz, J. A.
Rowan, Mark G.
Ferrer García, J. Oriol (José Oriol)
Gratacós Torrà, Òscar
Yuan, N.
Huang, S.
Keywords: Sedimentació
Sedimentation and deposition
Issue Date: Aug-2019
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Contractional deformation in the outer parts of fold‐and‐thrust belts is in part controlled by the presence of syntectonic sediments and multiple décollements (e.g., the Apennines, the Appalachians, the Pyrenees, the Zagros, or the Sub‐Andean and Kuqa fold‐and‐thrust belts). To better understand the influence of these parameters in the kinematic evolution of fold‐and‐thrust systems, we carried out an experimental study including four 3‐D sandbox models inspired by one of the previously mentioned prototypes, the Kuqa fold‐and‐thrust belt. This belt contains two décollements: a weak synorogenic salt layer and a deeper, preorogenic, and frictionless décollement (i.e., organic‐rich shales) showing along strike variations of rheology. The experimental results show that increasing synkinematic sedimentation rate (i) generates a progressive change from distributed to localized deformation and (ii) delays the development of frontal contractional structures detached on the salt, favoring the formation and reactivation of more hinterland thrusts and backthrusts. With respect to the rheology, our study reveals that as the viscosity of the prekinematic décollement increases, (i) the deformation propagates more slowly toward the foreland, and (ii) the underlying thrust stack becomes broader and lower and has a gentler thrust taper angle. The rheology of the prekinematic décollement defines the distribution and geometry of the structures detached on it that in turn influence the development of overlying, salt‐detached structures. Subsalt structures can (i) determine the areal extent of the salt and therefore of any fold‐and‐thrust system detached on it and (ii) hamper or even prevent the progressive foreland propagation of deformation above the salt.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Tectonics, 2019, vol. 38, num. 8, p. 2727-2755
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ISSN: 0278-7407
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)

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