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Title: Feasibility of using rural waste products to increase the denitrification efficiency in a surface flow constructed wetland
Author: Margalef Marti, Rosanna
Carrey Labarta, Raúl
Merchán, D.
Soler i Gil, Albert
Causapé, J.
Otero Pérez, Neus
Keywords: Desnitrificació
Ecologia de les zones humides
Wetland ecology
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: A surface flow constructed wetland (CW) was set in the Lerma gully to decrease nitrate (NO3−) pollution from agricultural runoff water. The water flow rate and NO3− concentration were monitored at the inlet and the outlet, and sampling campaigns were performed which consisted of collecting six water samples along the CW flow line. After two years of operation, the NO3− attenuation was limited at a flow rate of ~2.5 L/s and became negligible at ~5.5 L/s. The present work aimed to assess the feasibility of using rural waste products (wheat hay, corn stubble, and animal compost) to induce denitrification in the CW, to assess the effect of temperature on this process, and to trace the efficiency of the treatment by using isotopic tools. In the first stage, microcosm experiments were performed. Afterwards, the selected waste material was applied in the CW, and the treatment efficiency was evaluated by means of a chemical and isotopic characterization and using the isotopic fractionation (ε) values calculated from laboratory experiments to avoid field-scale interference. The microcosms results showed that the stubble was the most appropriate material for application in the CW, but the denitrification rate was found to decrease with temperature. In the CW, biostimulation in autumn-winter promoted NO3− attenuation between two weeks and one month (a reduction in NO3− between 1.2 and 1.5 mM was achieved). After the biostimulation in spring-summer, the attenuation was maintained for approximately three months (NO3− reduction between 0.1 and 1.5 mM). The ε15NNO3/N2 and ε18ONO3/N2 values obtained from the laboratory experiments allowed to estimate the induced denitrification percentage. At an approximate average flow rate of 16 L/s, at least 60% of NO3− attenuation was achieved in the CW. The field samples exhibited a slope of 1.0 for δ18O-NO3− versus δ15N-NO3−, similar to those of the laboratory experiments (0.9-1.2). Plant uptake seemed to play a minor role in NO3− attenuation in the CW. Hence, the application of stubble in the CW allowed the removal of large amounts of NO3− from the Lerma gully, especially when applied during the warm months, but its efficacy was limited to a short time period (up to three months).
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Hydrology, 2019, vol. 578, p. 124035
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ISSN: 0022-1694
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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