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Title: Ultrastructure and cytochemistry of intrauterine embryonic and larval stages of Ityogonimus lorum (Digenea: Brachylaimidae) involving transitory development of ciliated miracidia
Author: Swiderski, Zdzislaw
Conn, David Bruce
Miquel Colomé, Jordi
Keywords: Citoquímica
Ultraestructura (Biologia)
Microscòpia electrònica de transmissió
Ultrastructure (Biology)
Transmission electron microscopy
Issue Date: 27-Feb-2020
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Results of the present study provide ultrastructural evidence that miracidial morphogenesis is fully completed within the intrauterine eggs while in the most posterior uterine regions of Ityogonimus lorum, a digenean parasite of an Iberian mole, Talpa occidentalis (Eulipotyphla, Talpidae). Using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the ultrastructural characteristics of diverse cell types and their organelles of these developing embryos and fully formed miracidia within the eggshell were examined. The eggshell and embryonic envelopes are similar to those described previously by many authors for other digeneans. However, the developing miracidia are unique among previously described digeneans in possessing transitory cilia during larvigenesis, but completely lacking cilia in fully formed miracidium larvae. The evidence for completion of miracidial maturation in intrauterine eggs is based on the presence of the following structures: (1) transitional stage of ciliated differentiating miracidial epithelium; (2) apical and lateral glands, characteristic for digenean miracidia; and (3) fully developed germinative cells grouped together in the germinative sac localized in the posterior region of the miracidium. The protonephridial system with its characteristic flame cells and the nervous system with diverse types of neurons and nerve centers, which are characteristic for other digenean species reported until now, are absent from all these developmental stages of I. lorum. Based on these observations, we hypothesize that the life cycle of I. lorum is entirely terrestrial, involving passive transmission by ingestion of eggs containing unciliated miracidia to the first intermediate host.
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It is part of: Parasitology Research, 2020, vol. 119, num. 5, p. 1583-1595
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ISSN: 0932-0113
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio))

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