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Title: Use of environmental isotopes (13C, 15N, and 18O) for evaluating sources and fate of nitrate and tetrachloroethene in an alluvial aquifer
Author: Autor Palau, Jordi
Soler i Gil, Albert
Canals i Sabaté, Àngels
Aravena R.
Keywords: Hidrologia d'aigües subterrànies
Isòtops estables en ecologia
Groundwater hydrology
Stable isotopes in ecological research
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Abstract: Environmental isotopes and geochemical parameters were used to evaluate the sources and fate of nitrate (NO3-) and tetrachloroethene (PCE) in an alluvial contaminated aquifer. Isotope data and redox parameters data indicated that biodegradation does not play any role in the attenuation of these compounds along the groundwater flow system. Furthermore, nitrate isotopes and concentration data allowed the authors to distinguish two nitrate inputs and relate them to their possible sources. The primary source originates from septic waste and the secondary source is associated with nitrogenous fertilizer application. Regarding PCE, the δ13C values do not change for almost 1000 m along the groundwater flow system despite large decreases of PCE concentration, thus confirming that physical processes do not alter the isotopic composition of organic compounds; this finding has a significant implication for the use of carbon isotope ratios for fingerprinting sources of PCE in VOC plumes. This study has shown that combined use of environmental isotopes and geochemical parameters is an efficient approach for water resource management studies in sites polluted by various types of contaminants.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Environmental Forensics, 2010, vol. 11, num. 3, p. 237-247
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ISSN: 1527-5922
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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