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Title: Amelioration of BPSD-like phenotype and cognitive decline in SAMP8 mice model accompanied by molecular changes after treatment with I2-imidazoline receptor ligand MCR5
Author: Vasilopoulou, Foteini
Bagan Polonio, Andrea
Rodríguez-Arévalo, Sergio
Escolano Mirón, Carmen
Griñán Ferré, Christian
Pallàs i Llibería, Mercè, 1964-
Keywords: Malaltia d'Alzheimer
Malalties neurodegeneratives
Ratolins (Animals de laboratori)
Alzheimer's disease
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Mice (Laboratory animals)
Issue Date: 22-May-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD), including fear-anxiety- and depressive-like behaviour, are present in Alzheimer's disease (AD), together with memory decline. I2-imidazoline receptors (I2-IRs) have been associated with neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, further, I2-IR ligands have demonstrated a neuroprotective role in the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, we assessed the effect of the I2-IR ligand MCR5 on both cognitive and non-cognitive symptoms in the Senescence accelerated mice prone 8 (SAMP8) mouse model. Oral administration of I2-IR ligand MCR5 (5mg/kg/day for four weeks) in 10-month SAMP8 mice ameliorated both BPSD-like phenotype and cognitive decline by attenuating depressive-like behaviour, reducing fear-anxiety-like behaviour and improving cognitive performance using different tasks. Interaction of I2-IR ligand MCR5 with serotoninergic system did not account for behavioral or cognitive improvement, although changes in molecular pathways underlying depression and anxiety phenotype were observed. MCR5 increased levels of p-AKT, phosphorylated Glycogen synthase kinase 3 β (GSK3β) at Ser9 and phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) levels in SAMP8 treated mice compared to SAMP8 control. Moreover, MCR5 treatment altered NMDA2B phosphorylation, and decreased the protein levels of phosphorylated Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 (p-CDK5) and dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of Mr 32 kDa phosphorylated at Thr75 (p-DARPP32), with a parallel increase in PKA and p-CREB levels. Consistent with these changes MCR5 attenuated neuroinflammation by decreasing expression of pro-inflammatory markers such as Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (Tnf-α), Interleukin 1β (Il-1β), Interleukin 6 (Il-6), and promoted synaptic plasticity by increasing levels of Postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) as well as ameliorating Tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) and Nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR) signalling. Collectively, these results increase the potential of highly selective I2-IR ligands as therapeutic agents in age-related BPSD and cognitive alterations.
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It is part of: Pharmaceutics, 2020, vol. 12, num. 5, p. E475
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ISSN: 1999-4923
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Biomedicina (IBUB))
Articles publicats en revistes (Farmacologia, Toxicologia i Química Terapèutica)

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