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dc.contributor.authorBruguera Casamada, Carmina-
dc.contributor.authorSirés Sadornil, Ignacio-
dc.contributor.authorPrieto Villanueva, Ma. José-
dc.contributor.authorBrillas, Enric-
dc.contributor.authorAraujo Boira, Rosa Ma.-
dc.description.abstractThe disinfection of 100 mL of synthetic water containing 7 mM Na2SO4 with 106 CFU mL-1 of either Gram-negative or Gram-positive bacteria has been studied by electrochemical oxidation. The electrolytic cell was a stirred tank reactor equipped with a boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode and a stainless steel cathode and the trials were performed at acidic and neutral pH, at 33 mA cm-2 and 25 ºC. Reactive oxygen species, pre-eminently hydroxyl radicals, were efficiently produced in both media from water oxidation at the BDD anode and the bacteria concentration was reduced by ≥ 5 log units after 60 min of electrolysis, thus constituting a good chlorine-free disinfection treatment. All the inactivation kinetics were described by a logistic model, with no significant statistical differences between acidic and neutral suspensions. The electrochemical disinfection with BDD was very effective for Gram-negative bacilli like E. coli and P. aeruginosa and Gram-positive ones like B. atrophaeus, whereas the Gram-positive cocci S. aureus and E. hirae were more resistant. Thus, the latter organisms are a better choice than E. coli as process indicators. Scanning electron microscopy highlighted a transition from initial cells with standard morphology supported on clean filters to inactivated cells with a highly altered morphology lying on dirty filters with plenty of cellular debris. Larger damage was observed for Gram-negative cells compared to Gram-positive ones. The inactivation effect could then be related to the chemical composition of the outer layers of the cell structure along with the modification of the transmembrane potentials upon current passage.-
dc.format.extent9 p.-
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd-
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofChemosphere, 2016, vol. 163, p. 516-524-
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier Ltd, 2016-
dc.sourceArticles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)-
dc.subject.classificationOxidació electroquímica-
dc.subject.classificationDepuració de l'aigua-
dc.subject.otherElectrolytic oxidation-
dc.subject.otherWater purification-
dc.titleThe ability of electrochemical oxidation with a BDD anode to inactivate Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria in low conductivity sulfate medium-
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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