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Title: On the selection of the anode material for the electrochemical removal of methylparaben from aqueous media
Author: Steter, Juliana R.
Brillas, Enric
Sirés Sadornil, Ignacio
Keywords: Depuració d'aigües residuals
Oxidació electroquímica
Purification of sewage
Electrolytic oxidation
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: Parabens are widely used industrial preservatives, routinely found in wastewater along with major inorganic ions like sulfate and chloride. This work investigates the oxidation ability of three electrochemical processes in tank reactors equipped with an air-diffusion cathode to electrogenerate H2O2 on site, namely electro-oxidation (EO-H2O2), electro-Fenton (EF) and UVA photoelectro-Fenton (PEF), to degrade aqueous solutions of methylparaben (MeP) at pH 3.0. Their performance using boron-doped diamond (BDD), Pt or two kinds of dimensionally stable anodes (DSA®) has been compared from the analysis of mineralization profiles and decay kinetics in the presence of sulfate and/or chloride ions. The use of BDD ensured the overall mineralization in all three processes according to the sequence: PEF > EF > EO-H2O2, thanks to the contribution of BDD(¿OH), ¿OH and UVA light. Pt and DSA® became an interesting alternative in PEF, with slower organic matter removal but similar final mineralization percentages, being much less powerful than BDD in EO-H2O2. The presence of Cl− was beneficial in the latter process, due to the formation of active chlorine as an additional oxidant that caused a much faster decay of MeP. Conversely, it became significantly detrimental in EF due to the partial destruction of H2O2 and ¿OH in the bulk by active chlorine and Cl−, respectively. The oxidation power of PEF was so high that similar fast, complex decay kinetics was found in all media regardless of the anode, although the mineralization was decelerated owing to the accumulation of chlorinated by-products. GC-MS and HPLC analysis allowed the identification of up to seven aromatic MeP derivatives in sulfate + chloride mixtures, including three non-chlorinated compounds also found in pure sulfate medium. These molecules were gradually transformed into oxalic acid, along with four chlorinated aliphatic carboxylic acids in Cl−-containing media.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Electrochimica Acta, 2016, vol. 222, p. 1464-1474
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ISSN: 0013-4686
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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