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Title: Simultaneous persulfate activation by electrogenerated H2O2 and anodic oxidation at a boron-doped diamond anode for the treatment of dye solutions
Author: Dos Santos, Alexsandro Jhones
Brillas, Enric
Cabot Julià, Pere-Lluís
Sirés Sadornil, Ignacio
Keywords: Depuració de l'aigua
Oxidació electroquímica
Water purification
Electrolytic oxidation
Issue Date: 6-Aug-2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The development of new or upgraded electrochemical water treatment technologies is considered a topic of great interest. Here, Tartrazine azo dye solutions were treated by means of a quite innovative dual electrochemical persulfate (S2O8 2 −, PS) activation that combines H2O2 generation at an airdiffusion cathode and anodic oxidation (AO) at a boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode using a stirred tank reactor. This so-called AO-H2O2/PS process was compared to AO with stainless steel cathode, both in 50 mM Na2SO4 medium, finding the oxidation power increasing as: AO < AO-H2O2 < AO/PS < AOH2O2/PS. In the latter, the dye and its products were mainly destroyed by: (i) hydroxyl radicals, formed either from water oxidation at BDD surface or via reaction between H2O2 and S2O8 2−, and (ii) sulfate radical anion, formed from the latter reaction, thermal PS activation and cathodic S2O8 2− reduction. Hydroxyl radicals prevailed as oxidizing agents, as deduced from trials with tert-butanol and methanol. The reaction between S2O8 2 − and accumulated H2O2 was favored as temperature increased from 25 to 45 °C. The effect of PS content up to 36 mM, dye concentration within the range 0.22-0.88 mM, current density (j) between 8.3 and 33.3 mA cm−2 and pH between 3.0 and 9.0 on the process performance was examined. All decolorization profiles agreed with a pseudo-first-order kinetics. The best results for treating 0.44 mM dye were attained with 36 mM PS at pH 3.0, j = 16.7 mA cm−2 and 45 °C, yielding total loss of color, 62% TOC removal and 50% mineralization current efficiency after 360 min. The slow mineralization was attributed to the persistence of recalcitrant byproducts like maleic, acetic, oxalic, formic and oxamic acids. It is concluded that the novel AO-H2O2/PS process is more effective than AO/PS to treat Tartrazine solutions, being advisable to extend the study to other organic pollutants.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Science of the Total Environment, 2020, vol. 747, num. 141541
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ISSN: 0048-9697
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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