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Title: Risk factors and prognosis of complicated urinary tract infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in hospitalized patients: a retrospective multicenter cohort study
Author: Gomila Grange, Aina
Carratalà, Jordi
Eliakim-Raz, Noa
Shaw Perujo, Evelyn
Wiegand, Irith
Vallejo Torres, Laura
Gorostiza, A.
Vigo, Joan Miquel
Morris, S. (Stephen), 1971-
Stoddart, Margaret
Grier, Sally
Vank, Christiane
Cuperus, Nienke
van den Heuvel, Leonard
Vuong, Cuong
MacGowan, Alasdair
Leibovici, Leonard
Addy, Ibironke
Pujol Rojo, Miquel
Keywords: Infeccions del tracte urinari
Urinary tract infections
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Abstract: Purpose: Complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs) are among the most frequent health-care-associated infections. In patients with cUTI, Pseudomonas aeruginosa deserves special attention, since it can affect patients with serious underlying conditions. Our aim was to gain insight into the risk factors and prognosis of P. aeruginosa cUTIs in a scenario of increasing multidrug resistance (MDR). Methods: This was a multinational, retrospective, observational study at 20 hospitals in south and southeastern Europe, Turkey, and Israel including consecutive patients with cUTI hospitalized between January 2013 and December 2014. A mixed-effect logistic regression model was performed to assess risk factors for P. aeruginosa and MDR P. aeruginosa cUTI. Results: Of 1,007 episodes of cUTI, 97 (9.6%) were due to P. aeruginosa. Resistance rates of P. aeruginosa were: antipseudomonal cephalosporins 35 of 97 (36.1%), aminoglycosides 30 of 97 (30.9%), piperacillin-tazobactam 21 of 97 (21.6%), fluoroquinolones 43 of 97 (44.3%), and carbapenems 28 of 97 (28.8%). The MDR rate was 28 of 97 (28.8%). Independent risk factors for P. aeruginosa cUTI were male sex (OR 2.61, 95% CI 1.60-4.27), steroid therapy (OR 2.40, 95% CI 1.10-5.27), bedridden functional status (OR 1.79, 95% CI 0.99-3.25), antibiotic treatment within the previous 30 days (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.38-3.94), indwelling urinary catheter (OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.43-4.08), and procedures that anatomically modified the urinary tract (OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.04-3.87). Independent risk factors for MDR P. aeruginosa cUTI were age (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.93-0.99) and anatomical urinary tract modification (OR 4.75, 95% CI 1.06-21.26). Readmission was higher in P. aeruginosa cUTI patients than in other etiologies (23 of 97 [23.7%] vs 144 of 910 [15.8%], P=0.04), while 30-day mortality was not significantly different (seven of 97 [7.2%] vs 77 of 910 [8.5%], P=0.6). Conclusion: Patients with P. aeruginosa cUTI had characteristically a serious baseline condition and manipulation of the urinary tract, although their mortality was not higher than that of patients with cUTI caused by other etiologies.
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It is part of: Infection and Drug Resistance, 2018, vol. 2018, num. 11, p. 2571-2581
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ISSN: 1178-6973
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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