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Title: Moderate and sustained exercise modulates muscle proteolytic and myogenic markers in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata)
Author: Vélez, Emilio J.
Azizi, Sheida
Lutfi Royo, Esmail
Capilla Campos, Encarnación
Moya, Alberto
Navarro Álvarez, Isabel
Fernández Borrás, J. (Jaume)
Blasco Mínguez, Josefina
Gutiérrez Fruitós, Joaquín
Keywords: Orada
Sparus aurata
Issue Date: 1-May-2017
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Abstract: Swimming activity primarily accelerates growth in fish by increasing protein synthesis and energy efficiency. The role of muscle in this process is remarkable and especially important in teleosts, where muscle represents a high percentage of body weight and because many fish species present continuous growth. The aim of this work was to characterize the effects of 5 wk of moderate and sustained swimming in gene and protein expression of myogenic regulatory factors, proliferation markers, and proteolytic molecules in two muscle regions (anterior and caudal) of gilthead sea bream fingerlings. Western blot results showed an increase in the proliferation marker proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), proteolytic system members calpain 1 and cathepsin D, as well as vascular endothelial growth factor protein expression. Moreover, quantitative real-time PCR data showed that exercise increased the gene expression of proteases (calpains, cathepsins, and members of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in the anterior muscle region) and the gene expression of the proliferation marker PCNA and the myogenic factor MyoD in the caudal area compared with control fish. Overall, these data suggest a differential response of the two muscle regions during swimming adaptation, with tissue remodeling and new vessel formation occurring in the anterior muscle and enhanced cell proliferation and differentiation occurring in the caudal area. In summary, the present study contributes to improving the knowledge of the role of proteolytic molecules and other myogenic factors in the adaptation of muscle to moderate sustained swimming in gilthead sea bream.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 2017, vol. 312, num. 5, p. R643-R653
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ISSN: 0363-6119
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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