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|Fractal characteristics and sealing capacity of Ordovician carbonate cap rocks: a case study based on outcrop analogues from the Tarim Basin, China.
Gómez Rivas, Enrique
Travé i Herrero, Anna
Tarim (Xina : Conca)
Tarim Basin (China)
|American Association of Petroleum Geologists
|Understanding and predicting the main controls on the sealing capacity of carbonate cap rocks is of great significance for ultra-deep carbonate reservoir exploration and production. This study focuses on revealing the pore networks and sealing capacity of the Ordovician carbonate cap rocks in the Tarim Basin, by analyzing samples from outcrop analogs using optical and scanning electron microscopy and a combination of mercury intrusion capillary pressure and nitrogen gas adsorption. Three classes of cap rocks are defined here according to their pore throat structure, fractal dimension and sealing capacity. These carbonate cap rocks are dominated by limestones and dolomitic limestones. Four pore types are identified: microfracture, intragranular pore, intercrystalline pore and intracrystalline pore. Six pore structure types show multiscale variability from macropores to micropores. The pore structures present multiple fractal behaviors, with fractal dimensions showing an increasing trend as the pore diameter decreases. The cover coefficient, a parameter that allows characterization of the cap rock sealing performance, shows an increasing trend along with increasing the fractal dimension of pore structure. The average cover coefficients of six pore structure types not only show good correlations (either exponential or linear) with certain fractal dimensions, but they also demonstrate a strong positive correlation with the average fractal dimension. These results suggest that the sealing capacity of the studied rocks increases with increasing fractal dimension. The sealing performance of cap rocks significantly decreases with increasing the amount of macropores. This work provides a relevant case study for further understanding of pore structures and sealing capacity of carbonate cap rocks.
|Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1306/03172019022
|It is part of:
|AAPG Bulletin, 2021, vol. 105, num. 2, p. 437-479
|Appears in Collections:
|Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)
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