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Title: Internet Gaming Disorder Clustering Based on Personality Traits in Adolescents, and Its Relation With Comorbid Psychological Symptoms
Author: González Bueso, Vega
Santamaría, Juan José
Oliveras, Ignasi
Fernández, Daniel
Montero, Elena
Baño, Marta
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Pino Gutiérrez, Amparo Del
Ribas, Joan
Keywords: Joc compulsiu
Addicció a Internet
Compulsive gambling
Video games
Internet addiction
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: In recent years, the evidence regarding Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) suggests that some personality traits are important risk factors for developing this problem. The heterogeneity involved in problematic online gaming and differences found in the literature regarding the comorbid psychopathology associated with the problem could be explained through different types of gamers. Clustering analysis can allow organization of a collection of personality traits into clusters based on similarity. The objectives of this study were: (1) to obtain an empirical classification of IGD patients according to personality variables and (2) to describe the resultant groups in terms of clinical and sociodemographic variables. The sample included 66 IGD adolescent patients who were consecutive referrals at a mental health center in Barcelona, Spain. A Gaussian mixture model cluster analysis was used in order to classify the subjects based on their personality. Two clusters based on personality traits were detected: type I "higher comorbid symptoms" (n = 24), and type II "lower comorbid symptoms" (n = 42). The type I included higher scores in introversive, inhibited, doleful, unruly, forceful, oppositional, self-demeaning and borderline tendency traits, and lower scores in histrionic, egotistic and conforming traits. The type I obtained higher scores on all the Symptom Check List-90 items-Revised, all the State-Trait Anxiety Index scales, and on the DSM-5 IGD criteria. Differences in personality can be useful in determining clusters with different types of dysfunctionality.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, vol. 17, num. 5, p. 1516
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ISSN: 1661-7827
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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