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Title: Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) in vitro adipogenesis and its endocrine regulation by leptin, ghrelin, and insulin
Author: Basto-Silva, Catarina
Balbuena-Pecino, Sara
Oliva-Teles, Aires
Riera-Heredia, Natàlia
Navarro Álvarez, Isabel
Guerreiro, Inês
Capilla Campos, Encarnación
Keywords: Orada
Teixit adipós
Sparus aurata
Adipose tissues
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Leptin, ghrelin, and insulin influence lipid metabolism and thus can directly affect adipose tissue characteristics, modulating the organoleptic quality of aquaculture fish. The present study explored gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) cultured preadipocytes development, and the regulation of adipogenesis by those three hormones. Preadipocytes presented a fibroblast-like phenotype during the proliferation phase that changed to round-shaped with an enlarged cytoplasm filled with lipid droplets after complete differentiation, confirming the characteristics of mature adipocytes. peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (pparγ) expression was higher at the beginning of the culture, while fatty acid synthase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase gradually increased with cell maturation. The expression of lipoprotein lipase-like, lysosomal acid lipase (lipa), fatty acid translocase/cluster of differentiation-36 (cd36), and leptin receptor (lepr) were not affected during cell culture development; and undetectable expression levels were observed for leptin. Concerning regulation, leptin inhibited lipid accumulation significantly reducing pparγ and cd36 gene expression, both in early differentiating and mature adipocytes, while ghrelin decreased the expression of pparγ in the early differentiating phase but did not reduce intracellular lipid content significantly. Additional insulin past the onset of adipogenesis did not affect lipid accumulation either. In conclusion, at present culture conditions leptin has an anti-adipogenic function in differentiating preadipocytes of gilthead seabream and continues exerting this role in mature adipocytes, while ghrelin and insulin do not seem to influence adipogenesis progression. A better understanding of leptin, ghrelin, and insulin impact on the adipogenic process could help in the prevention of fat accumulation, improving aquaculture fish production and quality
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology a-Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 2020, vol. 249, p. 110772
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ISSN: 1095-6433
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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