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Title: Impact of a systematic evaluation of connective tissue disease on diagnosis approach in patients with interstitial lung diseases
Author: Hernández González, Fernanda
Prieto González, Sergio
Brito Zerón, María del Pilar
Cuerpo, Sandra
Sánchez, Marcelo
Ramírez Ruz, J. (José)
Agustí García-Navarro, Carles
Lucena, Carmen M.
Paradela, Marina
Grafia, Ignacio
Espinosa Garriga, Gerard
Sellarés, Jacobo
Keywords: Malalties del pulmó
Malalties autoimmunitàries
Pulmonary diseases
Autoimmune diseases
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Wolters Kluwer Health
Abstract: To date, there is no clear agreement regarding which is the best method to detect a connective tissue disease (CTD) during the initial diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILD). The aim of our study was to explore the impact of a systematic diagnostic strategy to detect CTD-associated ILD (CTD-ILD) in clinical practice, and to clarify the significance of interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) diagnosis in ILD patients. Consecutive patients evaluated in an ILD Diagnostic Program were divided in 3 groups: IPAF, CTD-ILD, and other ILD forms. Clinical characteristics, exhaustive serologic testing, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images, lung biopsy specimens, and follow-up were prospectively collected and analyzed. Among 139 patients with ILD, CTD was present in 21 (15.1%), 24 (17.3%) fulfilled IPAF criteria, and 94 (67.6%) were classified as other ILD forms. Specific systemic autoimmune symptoms such as Raynaud phenomenon (19%), inflammatory arthropathy (66.7%), and skin manifestations (38.1%) were more frequent in CTD-ILD patients than in the other groups (all P< .001). Among autoantibodies, antinuclear antibody was the most frequently found in IPAF (42%), and CTD-ILD (40%) (P= .04). Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia, detected by HRCT scan, was the most frequently seen pattern in patients with IPAF (63.5%), or CTD-ILD (57.1%) (P< .001). In multivariate analysis, a suggestive radiological pattern by HRCT scan (odds ratio [OR] 15.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.7-48.3, P< .001) was the strongest independent predictor of CTD-ILD or IPAF, followed by the presence of clinical features (OR 14.6, 95% CI 4.3-49.5, P< .001), and serological features (OR 12.4, 95% CI 3.5-44.0, P< .001). This systematic diagnostic strategy was useful in discriminating an underlying CTD in patients with ILD. The defined criteria for IPAF are fulfilled by a considerable proportion of patients referred for ILD.
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It is part of: Medicine, 2020, vol. 99, num. 4, p. e18589
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ISSN: 0025-7974
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Fonaments Clínics)

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