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Title: Availability, Promotion, and Signs of Alcohol Consumption: A Mixed Methods Study of Perceived Exposure and Objective Measures
Author: Pastor, Andrea
Moreno de la Fuente, Irene
Sandín Vázquez, María
Conde, Paloma
Bosque Prous, Marina
Franco, Manuel
Shortt, Niamh
Sureda, Xisca
Keywords: Consum d'alcohol
Nivell de vida
Drinking of alcoholic beverages
Cost and standard of living
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: This study describes the alcohol environment comparing residents' perceptions and objective measures in two different income-level districts. Measures were gathered between 2017 and 2018 in two districts with different income levels in Madrid, Spain. We obtained perceived measures using Photovoice. We procured objective measures through social systematic observation. Data were integrated using triangulation. Perceived and objective measures of the alcohol environment were characterized and compared in terms of alcohol availability, alcohol promotion, and signs of alcohol consumption. The integration was classified as agreement, partial agreement, or dissonance. The results related to alcohol availability and signs of its consumption showed high agreement. Availability was high in both areas, which was recognized by residents. Residents of the high-income district (HID) discussed fewer signs of alcohol consumption, whilst those in the low-income district (LID) reported extensive signs of consumption. Such observations agreed with the objective measures. There were dissonances between the approaches for alcohol promotion. Although the alcohol promotion was higher in HID according to the objective measures, it was deeply discussed by LID residents. Both methodologies helped us deepen the understanding of the alcohol environment. These results may help design more effective interventions to prevent hazardous drinking.
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It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, vol. 17, num. 21
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Appears in Collections:Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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