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Title: Who smokes in Europe? Data from 12 European countries in the TackSHS survey (2017-2018)
Author: Gallus, Silvano
Lugo, Alessandra
Liu, Xiaoqiu
Behrakis, Panagiotis
Boffi, Roberto
Bosetti, Cristina
Carreras, Giulia
Chatenoud, Liliane
Clancy, Luke
Continente, Xavier G. (Xavier Garcia)
Dobson, Ruaraidh
Effertz, Tobias
Filippidis, Filippos T.
Fu Balboa, Marcela
Geshanova, Gergana
Gorini, Giuseppe
Keogan, Sheila
Ivanov, Hristo
Lopez, Maria J.
López Nicolás, Ángel
Precioso, José
Przewozniak, Krzysztof
Radu Loghin, Cornel
Ruprecht, Ario
Semple, Sean
Soriano, Joan B.
Starchenko, Polina
Trapero Bertran, Marta
Tigova, Olena
Tzortzi, Anna S.
Vardavas, Constantine I.
Vyzikidou, Vergina K.
Colombo, Paolo
Fernández Muñoz, Esteve
TackSHS Project Investigators
Keywords: Hàbit de fumar
Qualitat de l'aire
Air quality
Issue Date: 5-Feb-2021
Publisher: Japan Epidemiological Association
Abstract: Background: Population data on tobacco use and its determinants require continuous monitoring and careful inter-country comparison. We aimed to provide the most up-to-date estimates on tobacco smoking from a large cross-sectional survey, conducted in selected European countries. Methods: Within the TackSHS Project, a face-to-face survey on smoking was conducted in 2017-2018 in 12 countries: Bulgaria, England, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and Spain, representing around 80% of the 432 million European Union (EU) adult population. In each country, a representative sample of around 1,000 subjects aged 15 years and older was interviewed, for a total of 11,902 participants. Results: Overall, 25.9% of participants were current smokers (31.0% of men and 21.2% of women, P < 0.001), while 16.5% were former smokers. Smoking prevalence ranged from 18.9% in Italy to 37.0% in Bulgaria. It decreased with increasing age (compared to <45, multivariable odds ratio [OR] for ≥65 year, 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.27-0.36), level of education (OR for low vs high, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.17-1.48) and self-rated household economic level (OR for low vs high, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.74-2.42). The same patterns were found in both sexes. Conclusions: These smoking prevalence estimates represent the most up-to-date evidence in Europe. From them, it can be derived that there are more than 112 million current smokers in the EU-28. Lower socio-economic status is a major determinant of smoking habit in both sexes.
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It is part of: Journal of Epidemiology, 2021, vol. 31, num. 2, p. 145-151
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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