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Title: Modulation of the liver protein carbonylome by the combined effect of marine Omega-3 PUFAs and grape polyphenols supplementation in rats fed an obesogenic high fat and high sucrose diet
Author: Méndez, Lucía
Muñoz, Silvia
Miralles Pérez, Bernat
Nogués, M. Rosa
Ramos Romero, Sara
Torres Simón, Josep Lluís
Medina, Isabel
Keywords: Obesitat
Trastorns del metabolisme
Àcids grassos omega-3
Disorders of metabolism
Omega-3 fatty acids
Issue Date: 30-Dec-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Diet-induced obesity has been linked to metabolic disorders such as cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. A factor linking diet to metabolic disorders is oxidative stress, which can damage biomolecules, especially proteins. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) (eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) and their combination with grape seed polyphenols (GSE) on carbonyl-modified proteins from plasma and liver in Wistar Kyoto rats fed an obesogenic diet, namely high-fat and high-sucrose (HFHS) diet. A proteomics approach consisting of fluorescein 5-thiosemicarbazide (FTSC) labelling of protein carbonyls, visualization of FTSC-labelled protein on 1-DE or 2-DE gels, and protein identification by MS/MS was used for the protein oxidation assessment. Results showed the effciency of the combination of both bioactive compounds in decreasing the total protein carbonylation induced by HFHS diet in both plasma and liver. The analysis of carbonylated protein targets, also referred to as the 'carbonylome', revealed an individual response of liver proteins to supplements and a modulatory effect on specific metabolic pathways and processes due to, at least in part, the control exerted by the supplements on the liver protein carbonylome. This investigation highlights the additive effect of dietary fish oils and grape seed polyphenols in modulating in vivo oxidative damage of proteins induced by the consumption of HFHS diets.
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It is part of: Marine Drugs, 2019, vol. 18, num. 34
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ISSN: 1660-3397
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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