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Title: Calorie restriction improves physical performance and modulates the antioxidant and inflammatory responses to acute exercise
Author: Capó, Xavier
Martorell, Miquel
Ferrer, Miguel D.
Sureda, Antoni
Pons, Victoria
Domingo i Pedrol, Joan Carles
Drobnic, F.
Martínez Rodríguez, Alejandro
Leyva-Vela, Belén
Sarabia, José M.
Herranz López, María
Roche, Enrique
Tur, Josep A.
Pons, Antoni
Keywords: Exercici
Dietes d'aprimament
Reducing diests
Issue Date: 27-Mar-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Our aim was to characterize the effects of calorie restriction on the anthropometric characteristics and physical performance of sportsmen and to evaluate the effects of calorie restriction and acute exercise on mitochondria energetics, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Twenty volunteer taekwondo practitioners undertook a calorie restriction of 30-40% on three alternate days a week for one month. Eleven volunteer sportsmen participated as controls. Both groups performed an energy effciency test to evaluate physical performance, and samples were taken before and after exercise. The total weight of participants significantly decreased (5.9%) after calorie restriction, while the effciency of work and the contributions of fat to obtain energy were enhanced by calorie restriction. No significant differences induced by acute exercise were observed in individual non-esterified fatty acid percentage or oxidative stress markers. Calorie restriction downregulated the basal gene expression of nitric oxide synthase, antioxidant enzymes, mitochondrial uncoupling proteins, and repairing stress proteins, but it enhanced the expression of sirtuins in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In conclusion, one month of calorie restriction decreases body weight and increases physical performance, enhancing energy effciency, moderating the antioxidant and inflammatory basal gene expression, and influencing its response to acute exercise.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nutrients, 2020, vol. 12(4), num. 930
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ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)

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