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Title: Analysis of Systemic Inflammatory Factors and Survival Outcomes in Endometrial Cancer Patients Staged I-III FIGO and treated with Postoperative External Radiotherapy
Author: Holub, Katarzyna
Busato, Fabio
Gouy, Sebastien
Sun, Roger
Pautier, Patricia
Genestie, Catherine
Morice, Philippe
Leary, Alexandra
Deutsch, Eric
Haie-Meder, Christine
Biete Solà, Albert
Chargary, Cyrus
Keywords: Càncer d'endometri
Endometrial cancer
Issue Date: 12-May-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Background: The causal link between elevated systemic inflammation biomarkers and poor survival has been demonstrated in cancer patients. However, the evidence for this correlation in endometrial cancer (EC) is too weak to influence current criteria of risk assessment. Here, we examined the role of inflammatory indicators as a tool to identify EC patients at higher risk of death in a retrospective observational study. Methods: A total of 155 patients surgically diagnosed with EC stage I-III FIGO 2009 and treated with postoperative External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) brachytherapy and chemotherapy according to ESMO-ESTRO-ESGO recommendation for patients at high risk of recurrence at the Gustave Roussy Institut, France, and Hospital Clínic, Spain, between 2008 and 2017 were evaluated. The impact of pre-treatment Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR 2.2), Monocyte-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (MLR 0.18), Systemic Immune-Inflammatory Index (SII 1100) and lymphopenia (<1.0 109/L) on overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival and progression-free survival was evaluated. Subsequently, a cohort of 142 patients within high-advanced risk groups according to ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO classification was evaluated. Results: On univariate analysis, NLR (HR = 2.2, IC 95% 1.1-4.7), SII (HR = 2.2, IC 95% 1.1-4.6), MLR (HR = 5.0, IC 95% 1.1-20.8) and lymphopenia (HR = 3.8, IC 95% 1.6-9.0) were associated with decreased OS. On multivariate analysis, NLR, MLR, SII and lymphopenia proved to be independent unfavorable prognostic factors. Conclusions: lymphopenia and lymphocytes-related ratio are associated with poorer outcome in surgically staged I-III FIGO EC patients classified as high risk and treated with adjuvant EBRT and could be considered at cancer diagnosis. External validation in an independent cohort is required before implementation for patients' stratification.
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It is part of: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2020, vol. 9, num. 5
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ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Fonaments Clínics)

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