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Title: Numerical simulation study on the temperature dependence of the Arrhenius parameters and its relation with the kinetic compensation effect
Other Titles: Estudi per simulacions numèriques de la dependència amb la temperatura dels paràmetres d’Arrhenius i la seva relació amb l’efecte de compensació cinètic
Author: Alburquerque Alvarez, Iker
Director/Tutor: Pérez de Benito, Joaquín F.
Keywords: Temperatura isocinètica
Simulacions numèriques
Equació d'Arrhenius
Treballs de fi de grau
Isokinetic temperature
Numerical simulations
Arrhenius equation
Bachelor's theses
Issue Date: Jan-2020
Abstract: The original version of the Arrhenius equation does not take into account the temperature dependence of both the pre-exponential factor and the activation energy. However, a simple physical argument makes clear that this hypothesis (although valid indeed as an approximation) is not totally accurate. The two Arrhenius parameters are mutually interconnected, so that an increase of one of them with temperature leads to an increase of the other. This might be taken as a potential explanation of the widespread compensation effect, and the conditions under which this model results applicable have been explored by means of numerical simulations. An interesting parameter involved in them is Td, the temperature corresponding to an activation energy that exactly doubles the value at 0 K. Provided that this magnitude does not differ much from one member of a homologous reaction series to another, there will be a linear Ea vs. R ln A relationship, its slope being the isokinetic temperature, Tik (when T = Tik all the reactions of the series share the same rate constant). This physical model seems to be supported by the low values of parameter Td obtained for chemical reactions involving proteins as reactants. Additionally, given that the random experimental errors provoke a shift in parameter Tik toward the mean working temperature, this effect has been discounted in order to obtain the most probable (extrapolated) value of the isokinetic temperature for different reaction families selected from chemical bibliographic sources.
Note: Treballs Finals de Grau de Química, Facultat de Química, Universitat de Barcelona, Any: 2020, Tutor: Joaquín F. Pérez de Benito
Appears in Collections:Treballs Finals de Grau (TFG) - Química

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