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Title: High-resolution ultrasound of spigelian and groin hernias: a closer look at fascial architecture and aponeurotic passageways
Author: Picasso, Riccardo
Pistoia, Federico
Zaottini, Federico
Airaldi, Sonia
Miguel Pérez, Ma. Isabel
Pansecchi, Michelle
Tovt, Luca
Sanguinetti, Sara
Möller, Ingrid
Bruns, Alessandra
Martinoli, Carlo
Keywords: Hèrnia
Ultrasons en medicina
Paret abdominal
Ultrasonics in medicine
Abdominal wall
Issue Date: 8-Mar-2021
Publisher: Medical Communications
Abstract: From the clinical point of view, a proper diagnosis of spigelian, inguinal and femoral hernias may be relevant for orienting the patient's management, as these conditions carry a different risk of complications and require specific approaches and treatments. Imaging may play a significant role in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected abdominal hernias, as the identification and categorization of these conditions is often unfeasible on clinical ground. Ultrasound imaging is particularly suited for this purpose, owing to its dynamic capabilities, high accuracy, low cost and wide availability. The main limitation of this technique consists of its intrinsic operator dependency, which tends to be higher in difficult-to-scan areas such as the groin because of its intrinsic anatomic complexity. An in-depth knowledge of the anatomy of the lower abdominal wall is, therefore, an essential prerequisite to perform a targeted ultrasound examination and discriminate among different types of regional hernias. The aim of this review is to provide a detailed analysis of the fascial architecture and aponeurotic passageways of the abdominal wall through which spigelian, inguinal and femoral hernias extrude, by means of schematic drawings, ultrasound images and video clips. A reasoned landmark-based ultrasound scanning technique is described to allow a prompt and reliable identification of these pathologic conditions.
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It is part of: Journal of Ultrasonography, 2021, vol. 20, p. e53-e62
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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