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Title: Dietary Patterns and Their Association with Anxiety Symptoms among Older Adults: The ATTICA Study
Author: Masana, María F.
Tyrovolas, Stefanos
Kolia, Natasa
Chrysohoou, Christina
Skoumas, John
Haro Abad, Josep Maria
Tousoulis, Dimitrios
Papageorgiou, Charalambos
Pitsavos, Christos
Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.
Keywords: Hàbits alimentaris
Food habits
Issue Date: 31-May-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Abstract: By 2050, the global population aged 60 years and over is expected to reach nearly 2.1 billion and affective disorders might be also expected to increase. Although nutrition has been related with affective disorders, there is a lack of studies assessing the relation between dietary habits and anxiety among European and Mediterranean older populations. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the association between dietary habits, energy intake, and anxiety symptoms using data from 1128 Greek older adults (>50 years) without pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD) or any other chronic disease who participated in the ATTICA study. Various socio demographic lifestyle, bio-clinical (e.g., blood pressure), and psychological (e.g., depression) characteristics were used, and dietary habits as well as energy intake were calculated using standard procedures. Older people with anxiety were more likely to be sedentary, to be smokers, and to show symptoms of depression. The saturated fat and added sugars (SFAS) dietary pattern was associated with higher anxiety levels (non-standardized b (95% CI): 5.82 (0.03 to 11.61)). No association between energy intake tertiles and anxiety levels pictured in the later regression model. Moreover, female gender, family status, and depression were positively related to anxiety. Therefore, promoting healthy dietary habits could reduce anxiety symptoms of the older adults.
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It is part of: Nutrients, 2019, vol. 11, num. 6, p. 1250
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ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE

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