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|Cocoa and Cocoa Fibre Intake Modulate Reactive Oxygen Species and Immunoglobulin Production in Rats Submitted to Acute Running Exercise
|Ruíz Iglesias, Patricia
Gómez Bris, Raquel
Massot Cladera, Malen
Rodríguez Lagunas, María José
Pérez-Cano, Francisco J.
|Acute high-intensity exercise can impair the immune system, and lead to oxidative stress. Cocoa intake might help in protecting against oxidative damage and impaired immune functioning. The aim of this study was to establish the effect of cocoa and cocoa fibre on the oxidative status and the immunoglobulin (Ig) production of rats following a bout of acute exercise on a treadmill. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by macrophages and the concentration of serum and mucosal Ig was assessed 16 h after the running session. Exercise increased ROS production and decreased the serum IgG concentration and the salivary gland IgM content. A cocoa fibre-enriched diet prevented the increased ROS production and the reduction in salivary IgM induced by exercise, although it decreased the IgA content in serum and the salivary glands. Overall, cocoa, by means of its fibre content, can partially prevent the alterations in ROS and Ig production induced by a single session of intensive running exercise.
|Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.3390/IECN2020-06990
|It is part of:
|MDPI Proceedings, 2020, vol. 61, num. 1, p. 30
|Appears in Collections:
|Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)
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