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Title: Evolutionary Genetics of Microbial Symbiosis
Author: Baldo, Laura
Werren, John H.
Keywords: Simbiosi
Issue Date: 25-Feb-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Symbiosis is the living together of dissimilar organisms [1,2]. As such, symbiotic relationships can range from antagonist (parasitic) to mutualistic and can vary along this continuum within and between species in space and time. Microbial symbioses encompass a wide array of players (e.g., bacteria, fungi, and small eukaryotes) and are an integral part of organismal life, contributing to phenotypes at all levels of biological organization, from molecules to ecosystems. There has been an explosion of microbiological research on symbiosis emerging from the omics revolution, which has made many previously intractable symbioses available for dissection. Current research ranges from unraveling the biochemical interactions among symbiont partners to uncovering the incredible ecological diversity and dynamics of microbial communities and host associations. Host-microbes engage in extensive and complex cross-kingdom molecular dialogue, where symbionts can modulate their reciprocal gene expression patterns, complement metabolic pathways, and combine genetic information through DNA exchange, in some cases becoming sufficiently integrated through coinheritance to be considered as an evolutionary unit of selection. This extensive genetic and biochemical interplay has enormous implications in the emergence of novel traits and the overall diversification of life.
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It is part of: Genes, 2021, vol. 12, num. 13, p. 327
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ISSN: 2073-4425
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio))

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