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Title: The Inherited and Familial Component of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer
Author: Daca Alvarez, Maria
Quintana, Isabel
Terradas, Mariona
Mur, Pilar
Balaguer Prunés, Francesc
Valle, Laura
Keywords: Càncer colorectal
Colorectal cancer
Issue Date: 23-Mar-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC), defined as that diagnosed before the age of 50, accounts for 10-12% of all new colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnoses. Epidemiological data indicate that EOCRC incidence is increasing, despite the observed heterogeneity among countries. Although the cause for such increase remains obscure, ≈13% (range: 9-26%) of EOCRC patients carry pathogenic germline variants in known cancer predisposition genes, including 2.5% of patients with germline pathogenic variants in hereditary cancer genes traditionally not associated with CRC predisposition. Approximately 28% of EOCRC patients have family history of the disease. This article recapitulates current evidence on the inherited syndromes that predispose to EOCRC and its familial component. The evidence gathered support that all patients diagnosed with an EOCRC should be referred to a specialized genetic counseling service and offered somatic and germline pancancer multigene panel testing. The identification of a germline pathogenic variant in a known hereditary cancer gene has relevant implications for the clinical management of the patient and his/her relatives, and it may guide surgical and therapeutic decisions. The relative high prevalence of hereditary cancer syndromes and familial component among EOCRC patients supports further research that helps understand the genetic background, either monogenic or polygenic, behind this increasingly common disease.
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It is part of: Cells, 2021, vol. 10, num. 3
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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