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Title: Low-energy scattering and effective interaction of two baryons at m(pion) ~ 450 MeV from lattice quantum chromodynamics
Author: Illa, Marc
Beane, Silas R.
Chang, Emmanuel
Davoudi, Zohreh
Detmold, William
Murphy, D. J.
Orginos, Kostas
Parreño García, Assumpta
Savage, Martin J.
Shanahan, P.E.
Wagman, Michael
Winter, Frank
Keywords: Quarks
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2021
Publisher: American Physical Society
Abstract: The interactions between two-octet baryons are studied at low energies using lattice quantum chromodynamics (LQCD) with larger-than-physical quark masses corresponding to a pion mass of ~450 MeV and a kaon mass of ~ 596 MeV. The two-baryon systems that are analyzed range from strangeness S=0 to -4 and include the spin-singlet and triplet NN, ΣN (I=3/2), and ΞΞ states, the spin-singlet ΣΣ (I=2) and ΞΣ (I=3/2) states, and the spin-triplet ΞN (I=0) state. The corresponding s-wave scattering phase shifts, low-energy scattering parameters, and binding energies when applicable are extracted using Lüscher's formalism. While the results are consistent with most of the systems being bound at this pion mass, the interactions in the spin-triplet ΣN and ΞΞ channels are found to be repulsive and do not support bound states. Using results from previous studies of these systems at a larger pion mass, an extrapolation of the binding energies to the physical point is performed and is compared with available experimental values and phenomenological predictions. The low-energy coefficients in pionless effective field theory (EFT) relevant for two-baryon interactions, including those responsible for SU(3) flavor-symmetry breaking, are constrained. The SU(3) flavor symmetry is observed to hold approximately at the chosen values of the quark masses, as well as the SU(6) spin-flavor symmetry, predicted at large Nc. A remnant of an accidental SU(16) symmetry found previously at a larger pion mass is further observed. The SU(6)-symmetric EFT constrained by these LQCD calculations is used to make predictions for two-baryon systems for which the low-energy scattering parameters could not be determined with LQCD directly in this study, and to constrain the coefficients of all leading SU(3) flavor-symmetric interactions, demonstrating the predictive power of two-baryon EFTs matched to LQCD.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Physical Review D, 2021, vol. 103, num. 5, p. 054508
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ISSN: 2470-0010
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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