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Title: Identification of problems in the functioning of individuals with schizophrenia from the expert perspective: An internet-based survey
Author: Barrios Cerrejón, M. Teresa
Guilera Ferré, Georgina
Selb, Melissa
Gómez Benito, Juana
Keywords: Esquizofrènia
Qualitat de vida
Enquestes a internet
Quality of life
Online surveys
Issue Date: 7-Oct-2016
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify aspects of functioning and related environmental factors that are relevant to schizophrenia from the perspective of health professionals experienced in treating individuals with this disorder using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method: An international pool of experts from diverse health care disciplines was surveyed to identify problems in functioning experienced by individuals with schizophrenia and the environmental factors that impact their functioning. On the basis of established rules, all answers were translated to the ICF by two independent researchers. Results: One-hundred and eighty-nine experts from all six World Health Organization regions identified 4776 meaningful concepts, of which 92% were linked to 347 different ICF categories. Of the 347 categories, 194 were second-level categories, 151 were third-level categories and 2 were fourth-level categories. Ninety-five second-level ICF categories, 43 third-level categories and 1 fourth-level category reached percentage frequency of at least 5%. The majority of the categories were attributed to body functions, activities and participation, and environmental factors. Conclusions: Health professionals identified a wide range of problems in functioning that reflect the complexity and breadth of schizophrenia, specifically activity limitations and participation restrictions that are particularly relevant for individuals with schizophrenia. Knowing these functioning problems can guide the design of patient-oriented rehabilitation programmes. Implications for rehabilitation: Schizophrenia may result in impaired functioning in multiple daily life activities. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can help in identifying the needs and problems of these individuals. The reported list of ICF categories can facilitate a systematic application of the ICF in schizophrenia and can help to design and implement coordinated and patient oriented rehabilitation programmes with a biopsychosocial approach. According to health professionals surveyed, activity limitations and participation restrictions are broadly affected in this population and are highly influenced by neurocognitive and social cognitive deficits and environmental factors.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Disability and Rehabilitation, 2016, vol. 39, num. 20, p. 2055-2062
Related resource:
ISSN: 0963-8288
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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