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Title: Paired electrochemical removal of nitrate and terbuthylazine pesticide from groundwater using mesh electrodes
Author: Oriol, Roger
Brillas, Enric
Cabot Julià, Pere-Lluís
Cortina Pallàs, José Luis
Sirés Sadornil, Ignacio
Keywords: Oxidació electroquímica
Hidrologia d'aigües subterrànies
Electrolytic oxidation
Groundwater hydrology
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2021
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: Groundwater is one of the main freshwater resources on Earth, but its contamination with NO3− and pesticides jeopardizes its viability as a source of drinking water. In this work, a detailed study of single electro-oxidation (EO) and electrodenitrification and paired EO/electrodenitrification processes has been undertaken with simulated and actual groundwater matrices containing 100 mg dm−3 NO3− and/or 5 mg dm−3 terbuthylazine pesticide. Galvanostatic electrolyses were made with 500 cm 3 of solutions at pH 4.0-10.5 and 250-1000 mA in tank reactors with a RuO2 or boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode and one or two Fe cathodes, all of them in the form of meshes. Most of NO3− removals agreed with a pseudo-first-order kinetics. In Cl−-free media, NH4+ predominated as electroreduction product. In chloride media, a greater amount of N-volatiles was determined alongside a slower electrodenitrification, especially with RuO2 due to the partial re-oxidation of electroreduction products like NH4+ by active chlorine. The pesticide decays were also fitted to a pseudo-first order kinetics, and its presence led to a smaller release of N-volatiles. Overall, BDD always favored the pesticide degradation thanks to the action of BDD(¿OH), whereas RuO2 was preferred for electrodenitrification under some conditions. The EO/electrodenitrification of groundwater was successful once the matrix was softened to minimize its hardness. The NO3− concentration was reduced below the limit established by the WHO. Overall, the BDD/Fe cell was more suitable than the RuO2/Fe cell because it accelerated the pesticide removal with a simultaneous high degree of NO3− electroreduction. However, it produced toxic chlorate and perchlo- rate. A final post-treatment with an anion exchange resin ensured a significant removal of both ions, thus increasing the viability of the electrochemical approach to treat this type of water. Chromatographic analyses revealed the formation of ten heteroaromatic products like desethyl-terbuthylazine and cyanuric acid, alongside oxalic and oxamic as final short-chain carboxylic acids.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Electrochimica Acta, 2021, vol. 383, p. 138354
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ISSN: 0013-4686
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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