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Title: A Solution for the Hubble Tension: Late Phantom Energy
Author: Novell Masot, Sergi
Director/Tutor: Salvador Solé, Eduard
Keywords: Constant de Hubble
Energia fosca (Astronomia)
Treballs de fi de grau
Hubble constant
Dark energy (Astronomy)
Bachelor's theses
Issue Date: Jan-2020
Abstract: Although cosmology is entering the precision era, there is a quantity for which its measurements are not converging to an exact value, but rather the opposite: the Hubble Constant (H0). Because its incompatible values stem from observations of the early and late Universe, respectively, in this work we propose a phantom equation of state (ω < -1, ω constant) for dark energy, which could change the Universe evolution in such a way that the two values would be compatible. We will calculate a value of ! that could solve this tension, making the Universe dynamics start to deviate from the ΛCDM standard model at z ~ 1. Furthermore, we will study the problems that arise from this exotic dark energy and review alternative theories that also address the Hubble tension. We will solve numerically the Friedman equations to find the Universe scale factor evolution over time, for both phantom and Λ dark energy types.
Note: Treballs Finals de Grau de Física, Facultat de Física, Universitat de Barcelona, Curs: 2020, Tutor: Eduard Salvador Solé
Appears in Collections:Treballs Finals de Grau (TFG) - Física

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