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|Toward in vivo transdermal pH sensing with a validated microneedle membrane electrode
|García-Guzmán, Juan José
Pérez Ràfols, Clara
Crespo, Gastón A.
|Elèctrodes selectius d'ions
Monitoratge de pacients
Ion selective electrodes
|American Chemical Society
|We present herein the most complete characterization of microneedle (MN) potentiometric sensors for pH transdermal measurements for the time being. Initial in vitro assessment demonstrated suitable analytical performances (e.g., Nernstian slope, linear range of response from 8.5 to 5.0, and fast response time) in both buffer media and artificial interstitial fluid (ISF). Excellent repeatability and reproducibility together with adequate selectivity and resiliency facilitate the appropriateness of the new pH MN sensor for transdermal ISF analysis in healthcare. The ability to resist skin insertions was evaluated in several ex vivo setups using three different animal skins (i.e., chicken, pork, and rat). The developed pH MN sensor was able to withstand from 5 to 10 repetitive insertions in all the skins considered with a minimal change in the calibration graph (<3% variation in both slope and intercept after the insertions). Ex vivo pH measurements were validated by determining the pH with the MN sensor and a commercial pH electrode in chicken skin portions previously conditioned at several pH values, obtaining excellent results with an accuracy of <1% and a precision of <2% in all cases. Finally, pH MN sensors were applied for the very first time to transdermal measurements in rats together with two innovative validation procedures: (i) measuring subcutaneous pH directly with a commercial pH microelectrode and (ii) collecting ISF using hollow MNs and then the pH measurement of the sample with the pH microelectrode. The pH values obtained with pH MN sensors were statistically more similar to subcutaneous measurements, as inferred by a paired sample t-test at 95% of confidence level. Conveniently, the validation approaches could be translated to other analytes that are transdermally measured with MN sensors.
|Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.0c02397
|It is part of:
|ACS Sensors, 2021, vol. 6, num. 3, p. 1129-1137
|Appears in Collections:
|Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)
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