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Title: Physical fitness and physical activity association with cognitive function and quality of life: baseline cross-sectional analysis of the PREDIMED-Plus trial
Author: Daimiel, Lidia
Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel, 1957-
Corella Piquer, Dolores
Salas Salvadó, Jordi
Schröder, Helmut, 1958-
Vioque, Jesús
Romaguera, Dora
Martínez, J. Alfredo, 1957-
Wärnberg, Julia
López Miranda, José
Estruch Riba, Ramon
Cano Ibáñez, Naomi
Alonso Gómez, Ángel M.
Tur, Josep Antoni
Tinahones, Francisco J.
Serra Majem, Lluís
Micó Pérez, Rafael Manuel
Lapetra, José
Galdón, Alba
Pintó Sala, Xavier
Vidal i Cortada, Josep
Micó, Víctor
Colmenarejo, Gonzalo
Gaforio, José J.
Matía Martín, Pilar
Ros Rahola, Emilio
Buil Cosiales, Pilar
Vázquez Ruiz, Zenaida
Sorlí, José V.
Graniel, Indira Paz
Cuenca Royo, Aida
Gisbert Sellés, Cristina
Galmes Panades, Aina M.
Zulet, M. Angeles
García Ríos, Antonio
Díaz López, Andrés
de la Torre, Rafael
Galilea Zabalza, Iñigo
Ordovás, José M.
Keywords: Condició física
Qualitat de vida
Physical fitness
Quality of life
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2020
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: Physical activity (PA) has been hypothesized to be effective to maintaining cognitive function and delay cognitive decline in the elderly, but physical fitness (PF) could be a better predictor of cognitive function. We aimed to study the association between PA and PF with cognitive function and quality of life using cross-sectional data from 6874 participants of the PREDIMED-Plus trial (64.9 ± 4.9 years, 48.5% female). PF and PA were measured with a Chair Stand Test, the REGICOR and Rapid Assessment Physical Activity questionnaires. Cognitive function was measured with Mini-mental State Examination, Control Oral Word Association Test, Trail Making Test and Digit Span tests; whereas health-related quality of life was assessed with the SF36-HRQL test. Cognitive and quality of life scores were compared among PF quartiles and PA levels (low, moderate and high) with ANCOVA and with Chair Stand repetitions and energy expenditure from total PA with multivariable linear regression adjusted for confounding factors. PF associated with higher scores in phonemic and semantic verbal fluency tests and with lower TMT A time. However, PA was not associated with the neurocognitive parameters evaluated. Both PF and PA levels were strongly associated with a better quality of life. We concluded that PF, but not PA, is associated with a better cognitive function. This trial was retrospectively registered at the International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial (ISRCTN89898870, on 07/24/2014.
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It is part of: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, num. 1, p. 3472
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ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE

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