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Title: Optimism and Social Support as Contributing Factors to Spirituality in Cancer Patients
Author: Ciria Suárez, Laura
Calderón Garrido, Caterina
Fernández Montes, Ana
Antoñanzas Basa, Mónica
Hernández, Raquel
Rogado, Jacobo
Pacheco-Barcia, Vilma
Asensio-Martínez, Elena
Palacín Lois, Maria
Jiménez Fonseca, Paula
Keywords: Malalts de càncer
Condicions socials
Cancer patients
Social conditions
Issue Date: 3-Jan-2021
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Background/objective: The impact a cancer diagnosis and its treatment are affected by psychosocial factors and how these factors interrelate among themselves. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between optimism and social support in spiritual wellbeing in cancer patients initiating chemotherapy. Methods: A cross-sectional, multi-center (15 sites), prospective study was conducted with 912 cancer patients who had undergone curative surgery for a stage I-III cancer and were to receive adjuvant chemotherapy. They completed the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Spiritual Well-being Scale (FACIT-Sp), Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Results: Significant differences on spirituality scales (meaning/peace and faith) were detected depending on age (≤ 65 vs > 65), sex, marital status, employment, and cancer treatment. Married or partnered participants had significantly higher meaning/peace scores compared to their non-partnered counterparts (p = 0.001). Women, > 65 years, unemployed, and patients treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy had significantly higher faith scores versus men, ≤ 65 years, employed, and subjects only receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (all p < 0.030). Multivariate analyses indicated that meaning/peace and faith correlated positively with optimism and social support. Conclusion: During oncological treatment, the positive effects of optimism and social support exhibit a positive correlation with spiritual coping. A brief assessment evaluation of these factors can aid in identifying at risk for a worse adaptation to the disease.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Supportive Care in Cancer, 2021, vol. 29, num. 6, p. 3367-3373
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ISSN: 0941-4355
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)
Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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