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Title: Perilesional edema in brain metastases as predictive factor of response to systemic therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients: a preliminary study
Author: Alemany, Montse
Domènech, Marta
Argyriou, Andreas A.
Vilariño, Noelia
Majós Torró, Carlos
Naval Baudin, Pablo
Lucas, Anna
Palmero, Ramón
Simó, Marta
Nadal, Ernest
Bruna, Jordi
Keywords: Metàstasi
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2021
Publisher: AME Publishing Company
Abstract: Background: The significance of upfront systemic therapies as an alternative to whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) for multiple brain metastases (BM) is debatable. Our purpose is to investigate if peritumoral edema could predict the intracranial response to systemic chemotherapy (chemo) in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (non-SQ-NSCLC) and synchronous multiple BM. Methods: In this observational cohort study, we evaluated the outcome of 28 patients with multiple BM (≥3) treated with chemo based on cisplatin/carboplatin plus pemetrexed (chemo, group A, n=17) or WBRT plus subsequent chemo (group B, n=11). The intracranial response, assessed by the response assessment neuro-oncology (RANO) BM criteria, was correlated with the degree of BM-associated edema estimated by the maximum diameter ratio among fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and gadolinium-enhanced T1WI (T1Gd) per each BM at the baseline brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results: No differences were observed in baseline characteristics between both groups, except for the number of patients under steroid treatment that was clearly superior in group B (P=0.007). Median OS was similar between groups. Regarding FLAIR/T1Gd ratio (F/Gd), patients treated with chemo alone exhibited significantly higher values (P=0.001) in those who developed intracranial progression disease (PD) (2.80±0.32 mm), compared with those who achieved partial response (PR) (1.30±0.11 mm) or stable disease (SD) (1.35±0.09 mm). In patients treated with WBRT, F/Gd ratio was not predictive of response. Conclusions: Peritumoral edema estimated by F/Gd ratio appears a promising predictive tool to identify oligosymptomatic patients with multiple BM in whom WBRT can be postponed.
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It is part of: Annals of Translational Medicine, 2021, vol. 9, num. 8
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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