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Title: A hybrid nano-MOF/polymer material for trace analysis of fluoroquinolones in complex matrices at microscale by on-line solid-phase extraction capillary electrophoresis
Author: Martínez-Pérez-Cejuela, Héctor
Benavente Moreno, Fernando J. (Julián)
Simó-Alfonso, Ernesto F.
Herrero-Martínez, José Manuel
Keywords: Electroforesi capil·lar
Materials nanoestructurats
Capillary electrophoresis
Nanostructured materials
Issue Date: 21-May-2021
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: A hybrid material (nano-metal organic framework@organic polymer, named as nano-MOF@polymer) was applied for the first time as sorbent for on-line solid-phase extraction capillary electrophoresis with ultraviolet detection (SPE-CE-UV). The resulting material was prepared building layer-by-layer a HKUST-1 (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology-1) nano-MOF onto the polymer surface, which allowed controlling the thickness and maximizing the active surface area. The sorbent was widely characterized at micro- and nano-scale to validate the synthesis and to establish the material properties. Then, fritless microcartridges (2 mm) were assembled by packing only a few micrograms of sorbent particles and investigated for preconcentration of fluoroquinolones (FQs) in several real samples (river water, human urine and whole cow milk). Under the optimized conditions, the sample (ca. 60 μL) was loaded in separation background electrolyte (BGE, 50 mM phosphate (pH 7)), and retained analytes were eluted using a small volume of 2% v/v formic acid in methanol (ca. 50 nL). The SPE-CE-UV method was validated in terms of linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantification (LOQ), repeatability, reproducibility and reusability. The developed method showed a LOD decreasing until 1 ng L−1 when larger volumes of sample were loaded (ca. 180 μL), which was 500,000 times lower than by CE-UV. This undescribed sensitivity enhancement would arise from the homogenous and populated MOF nano-domains and the appropriate permeability of the hybrid material, which would promote high extraction efficiency and loading capacity. Furthermore, the sorbent showed appropriate selectivity regardless the analyzed complex environmental, biological or food matrix samples, achieving excellent detectability and recoveries (>90%).
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Talanta, 2021, vol. 233, p. 122529
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ISSN: 0039-9140
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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