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Title: Impact of COVID-19 outbreak by income: hitting hardest the most deprived
Author: Baena Díez, José Miguel
Barroso, María
Cordeiro Coelho, Sara Isabel
Díaz, Jorge Luis
Grau, Maria
Keywords: Epidemiologia
Issue Date: 23-Nov-2020
Abstract: Background: The impact of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has many facets. This ecological study analysed age-standardized incidence rates by economic level in Barcelona. Methods: We evaluated confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Barcelona (Spain) between 26 February 2020 and 19 April 2020. Districts were classified according to most recent (2017) mean income data. The reference for estimating age-standardized cumulative incidence rates was the 2018 European population. The association between incidence rate and mean income by district was estimated with the Spearman rho. Results: The lower the mean income, the higher the COVID-19 incidence (Spearman rho = 0.83; P value = 0.003). Districts with the lowest mean income had the highest incidence of COVID-19 per 10 000 inhabitants; in contrast, those with the highest income had the lowest incidence. Specifically, the district with the lowest income had 2.5 times greater incidence of the disease, compared with the highest-income district [70 (95% confidence interval 66-73) versus 28 (25-31), respectively]. Conclusions: The incidence of COVID-19 showed an inverse socioeconomic gradient by mean income in the 10 districts of the city of Barcelona. Beyond healthcare for people with the disease, attention must focus on a health strategy for the whole population, particularly in the most deprived areas.
It is part of: Journal Of Public Health, 2020, vol. 42, num. 4, p. 698-703
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ISSN: 1741-3842
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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