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Title: Coping strategies in health care providers as second victims: a systematic review
Author: Kappes, Maria
Romero García, Marta
Delgado-Hito, Pilar
Keywords: Seguretat dels pacients
Efectes secundaris
Ressenyes sistemàtiques (Investigació mèdica)
Patients safety
Side effects
Systematic reviews (Medical research)
Issue Date: 12-Jun-2021
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Aim: to analyze personal and organizational strategies described in the literature for dealing with the second victim phenomenon among healthcare providers. Background: the second victim phenomenon involves many associated signs and symptoms, which can be physical, psychological, emotional, or behavioral. Personal and organizational strategies have been developed to deal with this phenomenon. Materials and methods: a systematic review was carried out in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycINFO, Science Direct, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases, searching for evidence published between 2010 and 2019 in Spanish, English, German, and Portuguese. Results: seven hundred and eighty-three articles were identified. After eliminating duplicates, applying inclusion and exclusion criteria and critical analysis tools of the Joanna Briggs Institute, 16 research articles were included: 10 quantitative studies (design: descriptive, correlational, systematic, or integrative review) and six qualitative studies (descriptive, systematic review). There are several different personal and organizational strategies for dealing with the second victim phenomenon. Among these, peer support and learning from adverse events are highly valued. In personal strategies stands out the internal analysis of the adverse event that the professional performs to deal with the generated negative feelings. In organizational strategies, the most valued are second victim support programs with rapid response teams and made up of peers. Conclusions: the main organizational coping strategies for tackling this phenomenon are online programs in countries such as the United States, Spain, and other European countries. Formal evaluation of these programs and research is required in Latin America. Implications for nursing and health policies: adequately coping with the second victim phenomenon allows health professionals and organizations to learn from adverse events. Furthermore, by supporting health professionals who suffer from the second victim phenomenon, the organization takes care of its most valuable resource, its human capital. This contributes toward building a culture of healthcare quality in organizations, which will reduce adverse events in the future.
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It is part of: International Nursing Review, 2021, vol. 68, n. 4, p. 471-481
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ISSN: 0020-8132
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria Fonamental i Clínica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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