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Title: Functional And Cognitive Decline Is Associated With Increased Endothelial Cell Inflammation And Platelet Activation. Liquid Biopsy Of Microvesicles In Community-Dwelling Octogenarians.
Author: Chiva Blanch, Gemma
Vilella-Figuerola, Alba.
Padró, Teresa
Ferrer, Assumpta
Badimón, Lina, 1953-
Formiga Pérez, Francesc
Keywords: Cognició
Old age
Issue Date: 21-Jul-2021
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Increased life expectancy is usually associated with comorbidities, such as cardio andcerebrovascular disease causing impaired functionality. A common underlying cause ofthese comorbidities is vascular inflammation and injury. Elevated levels of circulatingmicrovesicles (cMV), as a product of a hemostatic and inflammatory cell activation,could be direct mapping of an imbalanced hemostasis. In this manuscript, we aimedto investigate by liquid biopsy whether successful aging can be discriminated bycMV levels and phenotype. To this purpose, we included 135 community-dwellingoctogenarians in a cross-sectional study. Successful aging was defined as goodfunctional (Barthel Index>90 points, and Lawton index score>7/4 points forwomen and men, respectively) and cognitive status (Spanish version of the Mini-Mental State Examination -MEC->24 points) and no need for institutionalization.Total, annexin V positive (AV+), and AV−cMV from different cell origins from thevascular compartment were phenotypically characterized and quantified from fastingplasma samples by flow cytometry. Successful aging was associated with lowerplasma concentrations of total and AV+CD141+/CD41+-CD61+, and PAC1+/AV+,CD141+/AV+, and CD36+/AV−cMV. From these phenotypes, ROC curve analysesrevealed that CD141+/AV+and CD141+/CD41+-CD61+/AV+endothelial- and platelet-derived cMV discriminate successful and non-successful aging with an AUC (95%CI) of0.655 (0.551, 0.758),P= 0.005, and 0.638 (0.535, 0.741),P= 0.013, respectively. In conclusion, successful aging is associated with low levels of cMV released by endothelialcells and platelets, indicating lower endothelial cell inflammation and platelet activation.Our results contribute to the understanding of the link between unsuccessful aging,cognitive decline and vascular cell inflammatory disturbances.
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It is part of: Frontiers In Cell And Developmental Biology, 2021, vol. 9, p. 2096
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ISSN: 2296-634X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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