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Title: The neural correlates of delay discounting in obesity and binge eating disorder
Author: Miranda Olivos, Romina
Steward, Trevor
Martínez Zalacaín, Ignacio
Mestre Bach, Gemma
Juaneda Seguí, Asier
Jiménez Murcia, Susana
Fernández Formoso, José A.
Vilarrasa, Nuria
Veciana de las Heras, Misericordia
Custal, Nuria
Virgili, Nuria
Lopez Urdiales, Rafael
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Granero, Roser
Soriano Mas, Carles
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Keywords: Trastorns de la conducta alimentària
Eating disorders
Issue Date: 26-Apr-2021
Publisher: Akademiai Kiado Zrt.
Abstract: Background and aims: Increased delay discounting is associated with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED). Although BED and obesity frequently co-occur, the neural mechanisms underlying delay discounting in these conditions remain poorly understood. Methods: Thirtyfive women with obesity, including 10 participants with obesity and BED and 31 controls completed a monetary delay discounting task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Results: We identified that increased discounting rates were associated with decreased activity in the left anterior insula in participants with obesity compared to controls when choosing immediate rewards over delayed rewards (P-FWE < 0.05). An exploratory analysis comparing the BED subsample to the other groups did not detect significant differences. Discussion and conclusions: Our findings suggest decreased activity in the anterior insula may underlie heightened delay discounting in individuals with obesity, contributing the probability of choosing immediate rewards over delayed rewards based on emotional states. Future studies including larger, more diverse samples are required to confirm these effects.
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It is part of: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2021, vol. 10, num. 3, p. 498–507
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ISSN: 2063-5303
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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